– Declared 6 March 1957
– Republic 1 July 1960
In 1957, Ghana became the first nation to declare independence from European colonization.
The Big Six were six leaders of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC), the leading political party in the British colony of the Gold Coast. They were detained by the colonial authorities in 1948 following disturbances leading to the killing of three World War II veterans. They are pictured on the front of the Ghana cedi notes.
On the same day, following these disturbances, the United GoldCoast Convention(UGCC) leaders sent a cable to the Secretary of State in London.
“…unless Colonial Government is changed and a new Government of the people and their Chiefs installed at the centre immediately, the conduct of masses now completely out of control with strikes threatened in Police quarters, and rank and file Police indifferent to orders of Officers, will continue and result in worse violent and irresponsible acts by uncontrolled people.
“Working Committee United Gold Coast Convention declare they are prepared and ready to take over interim Government. We ask in name of oppressed, inarticulate, misruled and misgoverned people and their Chiefs that Special Commissioner be sent out immediately to hand over Government to interim Government of Chief and People and to witness immediate calling of Constituent Assembly”
Ebenezer Ako-Adjei – founding member of the UGCC
Edward Akufo-Addo – founding member of the UGCC and subsequently Chief Justice of Ghana and president of Ghana
Joseph Boakye Danquah – founding member of the UGCC
Kwame Nkrumah – later first prime minister and first president of Ghana
Emmanuel Obetsebi-Lamptey – founding member of the UGCC
William Ofori Atta – founding member of the UGCC