Day 19: Colonialism #BlackHistoryMonth

20140219-114404.jpg Colonialism is the establishment, exploitation, maintenance, acquisition, and expansion of colonies in one territory by people from another territory. It is a set of unequal relationships between the colonial power and the colony and often between the colonists and the indigenous population.

The European colonial period was the era from the 16th century to the mid-20th century when several European powers (particularly, but not exclusively, Portugal, Spain, Britain, the Netherlands, Italy and France) established colonies in Asia, Africa, and the Americas. At first the countries followed mercantilist policies designed to strengthen the home economy at the expense of rivals, so the colonies were usually allowed to trade only with the mother country. By the mid-19th century, however, the powerful British Empire gave up mercantilism and trade restrictions and introduced the principle of free trade, with few restrictions or tariffs.
The impacts of colonization are immense and pervasive. Various effects, both immediate and protracted, include the spread of virulent diseases, unequal social relations, exploitation, enslavement, medical advances, the creation of new institutions, abolitionism, improved infrastructure, and technological progress. Colonial practices also spur the spread of languages, literature and cultural institutions. The native cultures of the colonized peoples can also have a powerful influence on the imperial country.
British colonies and protectorates:

Aden
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
Ascension Island
Australia
Bahamas
Basutoland
Bechuanaland
British East Africa
British Guiana
British Honduras
British Hong Kong
British Somaliland
Brunei
Burma
Canada
Ceylon
Egypt
Falkland Islands
Fiji Islands
Gilbert and Ellice Islands
The Gambia
Gold Coast
India
Ireland
Jamaica
Kenya
British Malaya
Malta
New Zealand
Nigeria
North Borneo
Northern Rhodesia
Oman
Papua
Sarawak
Sierra Leone
Southern Rhodesia
St. Helena
Swaziland
Trinidad and Tobago
Uganda
South Africa
Dutch colonies:

Curaçao and Dependencies
Dutch East Indies
Suriname
French colonies:
Algeria
Clipperton Island
Comoros Islands
French Guiana
French Equatorial Africa
Chad
Oubangui-Chari
French Congo
Gabon
French India (Pondichéry, Chandernagor, Karikal, Mahé and Yanaon)
French Indochina
Annam
Cambodia
Cochinchina
Laos
Tonkin
French Polynesia
French Somaliland
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
French West Africa
Benin
Côte d’Ivoire
Dahomey
Guinea
French Sudan
Mauritania
Niger
Senegal
Upper Volta
Guadeloupe
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Martin
La Réunion
Madagascar
Martinique
Morocco
New Caledonia
Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon
Shanghai French Concession (similar concessions in Kouang-Tchéou-Wan, Tientsin, Hankéou)
Tunisia
Vanuatu
Wallis-et-Futuna

German Empire colonies:

Cameroon
Caroline Islands
German New Guinea
German East Africa
German South West Africa
Gilbert Islands
Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands
Togo
Italian colonies:

Eritrea
Italian Aegean Islands
Italian Somaliland
Italian Concession of Tientsin
Libya

Portuguese colonies:

Azores
Madeira
Portuguese Africa
Portuguese Angola
Portuguese Cape Verde
Portuguese Congo
Portuguese Guinea
Portuguese Mozambique
Portuguese São Tomé and Príncipe
Fort of São João Baptista de Ajudá
Portuguese Asia
Portuguese India
Portuguese Macau
Portuguese Timor

20140219-120139.jpg

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s